Laparoscopy is a surgery that uses a thin, light tube to see stomach or female pelvic organs through a cut (incision) in the stomach. Laparoscopy is used to detect problems such as ulcers, adhesions, fibroids, and infections. Tissue samples can be taken for biopsy through the tube (laparoscope).

Laparoscopy is also called diagnostic laparoscopy, is a surgical diagnostic procedure that examines the organs inside the stomach. It is a low risk, at least aggressive process that requires only small incisions.

Laparoscopy uses a laparoscope device to look for abdominal organs. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with high intensity light and high resolution camera on the front. The device is inserted through an incision in the abdominal wall. As soon as it moves, the camera sends images to a video monitor.

In many cases of laparoscopy can be done instead of laparotomy surgery, which uses large rip in the stomach. Laparoscopy can be less stressful and may have minor problems and costs may be less compared to laparotomy for small surgery. It can be done often without needing to stay overnight in the hospital.

Some common situations can be seen by laparoscopy:

  1. endometriosis
  2. pelvic inflammatory disease
  3. ectopic pregnancy
  4. ovarian cyst
  5. Appendicitis
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